After Finland left the war in September 1944, the damage to the canal, including the complete destruction of its southern section and the town of Povenets and damage to lighthouses and other structures, was repaired. Proper noun . All of the White Sea is under Russian control and considered to be part of the internal waters of Russia. is the lower part of sky ocean, located 7000 meters above the Blue Sea, comprised of Sea Cloud. 7 on December 11 after the Red Army had retreated. the White Sea. The White Sea (白海, Hakukai)1 is located west of the Yellow Sea and borders the three kingdoms of Sai, Han, and Kyou. [2][3] The exchange is however assisted by the tides, which are semidiurnal (rising twice a day), with the amplitude increasing from 1 metre on the south to 10 metres in Mezen Bay. After the canal had been completed and opened for navigation, the Belbaltlag (White Sea-Baltic Camp) was reorganized into the White Sea-Baltic Combine (Baltiysko-Belomorsky Kombinat [BBK]), still within the NKVD system, by an order of the Council of People's Commissars of August 17, 1933. The latter term coined in an analogy with the words "krasnoarmeyets" meaning "member of the Red Army" or trudarmeyets (member of a labor army). In 1555 Queen Mary issued a charter authorising the Muscovy Company to trade with Russia via the White Sea route. "Силовые машины" отгрузили вторую партию оборудования, предназначенного для восстановления Саяно-Шушенской ГЭС. This hinders water exchange between the White and Barents seas. It is surrounded by Karelia to the west, the Kola Peninsula to the north, and the Kanin Peninsula to the northeast. Сталинские стройки ГУЛАГа.1930–53», Москва, 2005. On June 23, 1941, the day after the German invasion, 16 Finnish commandos were ferried to the canal by two German Heinkel He 115 seaplanes from Oulujärvi. However, instead of expanding the old port, Ivan IV established a new one down-river in 1584, called New Kholmogory, which from 1596 began to become known as Arkhangelsk. The opening and the gorlo of the sea are rather shallow, with depths about 50 metres or less. The White Sea is the vast ocean to the West of Adarai, separating it from The Lands That Once Were. On the east side of the 'gorlo', opposite to the Kola Peninsula, is Mezen Bay. The sea is quiet in July–August. The entire canal was constructed in twenty months, between 1931 and 1933, almost entirely by manual labor. The workforce for the Canal was supplied by the Belbaltlag camp directorate (White Sea–Baltic Corrective Labor Camp Directorate, WSBC) of the OGPU GULAG. Translations . [40], The canal system includes five hydroelectric power plants with total production capacity of 240 MW.[28]. The station was founded by a group of biologists from the university in 1938. (Беломорско-Онежское государственное бассейновое управление водных путей и судоходства), which is also responsible for shipping on Lake Onega and in the Belomorsk harbor area (but not in the open waters of the White Sea). Edit. The BBK led to the development of Belomorsk as a major industrial city. The island of Novy Odense was found here. The Waters are almost permanently calm but the wind only blows from the West, making it difficult to traverse. Similarly, Aleksandr Avdeenko's account of Belomor includes conversations between OGPU chief Semyon Firin and Prince Mirsky that reveal at least some of the writers were aware of its true nature. [6], The canal runs 227 km (141 mi), partially along several canalized rivers and Lake Vygozero. Translations . The canal was seemingly a small part of the agency's overall shipping business, which in 2007 amounted to 4.6 million tonnes and 155,000 passengers. Lock No. [3], Residents of Novgorod knew of the White Sea from at least the 11th century and rapidly explored its commercial significance for navigation and its coastal forests rich in fur animals. These variations are due to the distribution of water salinity across the sea, which increases from 24 to 26‰ in the centre to 30.5‰ in the gorlo, reaching 34.0–34.5‰ toward the Barents Sea. The navigable channel is 36 m (118 ft) wide and 3.5 m (11.5 ft) deep, with a radius of curvature of 500 m (1,640 ft). The Combine was charged with operating the canal and managing the economic development of the adjacent areas, including 2.8 million hectares of forest lands and the industrial facilities that had been constructed along the route. The word is still in colloquial use. It was designed by BigMemka and uses the music track " ". Transfer operations began 24 June 2003, but on 1 September a low-speed collision between Volgotanker's Nefterudovoz-57M and the Latvian Zoja-I during a transfer caused a crack in the Nefterudovoz's hull, with a subsequent oil spillage estimated at 45 t (44 long tons; 50 short tons), of which only 9 t (8.9 long tons; 9.9 short tons) were recovered. The opposing armies held these positions until June 1944. [30], In Soviet times, the canal was used for shipping oil products from refineries on the Volga River to consumers in the Murmansk Oblast and overseas. It receives the Mezen River and the Kuloy River. The Soviet Union presented the canal as an example of the success of the first five-year plan. There was even a comedic play written about the canal by Nikolay Pogodin. The northern slope has twelve locks numbered 8–19. A carefully prepared visit in August 1933 to the White Sea–Baltic Canal may have hidden the worst of the brutality from a group of 120 Russian writers and artists, the so-called Writers Brigade, including Maxim Gorky, Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy, Viktor Shklovsky, and Mikhail Zoshchenko, who compiled a work in praise of the project, the 600-page The I.V. One of the original members of this group, Nikolai Pertsov (1924–1987), devoted his whole life to building the station and became its director in 1951. The White Sea, at times considered the lowest part of the cloud ocean, is a gigantic ocean spanning the entirety of the world. It is currently ruled by Kouko. It also had strange, rubbery clouds that bounce objects off of them and can be used as trampolines for those who are creative. [1], The White Sea contains a large number of islands, but most of them are small. The White Sea is one of the three great seas on Eo. 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