In Jammu, the temperature in winter ranges between 4°C to 12°C, and is known as the “Winter Capital of Jammu & Kashmir”, since it offers an escape from the freezing temperatures of Kashmir Valley. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Tourists visit … Jammu, city, winter capital of Jammu and Kashmir union territory, northern India. Editor of. Jammu, winter capital of the maharajas (the former Hindu rulers of the region) and second largest city in the state, was historically the seat of the Dogra dynasty.More than two-thirds of the region’s residents are classified as Hindu. Up to about 7,000 feet (2,100 metres), woodlands of deodar cedar, blue pine, walnut, willow, elm, and poplar occur. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/place/Jammu-and-Kashmir, Official Site of the Government of Jammu and Kashmir, India, CRW Flags - Flag of Jammu and Kashmir, India, Jammu and Kashmir - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The Karakoram, along with other areas in and around the Himalayan region, is often called the “roof of the world.”. Jammu, city, winter capital of Jammu and Kashmir union territory, northern India. In the alpine area, average annual precipitation is about 3 inches (75 mm), but in the subtropical zone (around Jammu) rainfall amounts to about 45 inches (1,150 mm) per year. The underlying region of this state were parts of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, whose western districts, now known as Azad Kashmir, and northern territories, now known as Gilgit-Baltistan, are administered by Pa… Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The administrative capitals are Srinagar in summer and Jammu in winter. Omissions? Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The outer zone consists of sandstones, clays, silts, and conglomerates, influenced by Himalayan folding movements and eroded to form long ridges and valleys called duns. Corrections? Jammu is the winter capital of the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir.It is the headquarters and the largest city in Jammu district of the union territory. The inner zone consists of more-massive sedimentary rock, including red sandstones of Miocene age (roughly 5.3 to 23 million years old), that has been folded, fractured, and eroded to form steep spurs and plateau remnants. Situated amid clear lakes and lofty forested mountains, Srinagar has long had a considerable tourist economy. Srinagar is the summer capital, that is in between the months’ May and October and Jammu is the winter capital that … From 10,500 to 12,000 feet (3,700 metres), birch is dominant, and above 12,000 feet there are meadows with rhododendrons and dwarf willows as well as honeysuckle. It affords magnificent views of the Vale of Kashmir and of Nanga Parbat, which at 26,660 feet (8,126 metres) is one of the highest peaks in the Himalayas. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Srinagar, Indianetzone - Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir, India. Professor and Head, Department of Geography and Regional Development, University of Kashmir, Srinagar, India. Legislation passed in August 2019 set the stage for downgrading Jammu and Kashmir from statehood to union territory status and splitting off a part of it, known as the Ladakh region, into a separate union territory. …state’s manufacturing activity located in. Map law prevents excluding any part of Jammu and Kashmir in any map of India. The capital of Jammu & Kashmir, Srinagar is located at an altitude of 1730 mt above sea level in the heart of the Kashmir valley, bordering the river Jhelum which flows like a serpent through the Himalayan hills. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. 7 JAMMU & KASHMIR For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org JAMMU AND KASHMIR IN FIGURES Parameter Jammu & Kashmir India Parameter GSDP as a percentage of all states’ GSDP 0.84 100.00 GSDP growth rate (%) 11.71 9.80 Per capita GSDP (US$) 1,577.86 1,966.20 Jammu & Kashmir’s Contribution to Indian Economy (2017-18) Jammu & Kashmir India … Jammu and Kashmir was a region formerly administered by India as a state from 1954 to 2019, constituting the southern and southeastern portion of the larger Kashmir region, which has been the subject of a dispute between India, Pakistan and China since the mid-20th century. Srinagar (/ ˈsriːnəɡər / (listen)) is the largest city and the summer capital of the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. The valley of the upper Indus River is a well-defined feature that follows the geologic strike (structural trend) westward from the Tibetan border to the point in the Pakistani sector of Kashmir where the river rounds the great mountainous mass of Nanga Parbat to run southward in deep gorges that cut across the strike. Updates? The town of Leh stands on such a fan, 11,500 feet (3,500 metres) above sea level, with a climate characterized by an almost total lack of precipitation, by intense insolation (exposure to sunlight), and by great diurnal and annual ranges of temperature. The region was heavily glaciated during the Pleistocene Epoch, and remnant glaciers and snowfields are still present. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Precipitation increases with elevation, and the lower scrubland gives way to pine forests higher up. Srinagar, city, summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir union territory (Jammu is the winter capital), northern India, situated in the Kashmir region of the Indian subcontinent. Srinagar is well known for its many mosques and temples; the Hazratbal Mosque contains a hair that reportedly belonged to the Prophet Muhammad, and the Jāmiʿ Masjid (Congregational Mosque), built in the 15th century, is said to be the largest mosque in Kashmir. 4. Bahu Fort, Amar Mahal Palace, Raghunath Temple, Mubarak Mandi Palace, Bagh-e-Bahu, Mahamaya Temple, Ranbireshwar Temple, Dogra Art Museum, Purmandal Temple are the popular places of Jammu. The zone receives some rain from the southwest monsoon in the summer months—and the lower slopes are forested—but the mountains constitute a climatic divide, representing a transition from the monsoon climate of the Indian subcontinent to the dry continental climate of Central Asia. The officials said Srinagar - the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir - recorded a low of minus 5.2 degrees Celsius - down from the previous night's minus 3.7 degrees Celsius. Srinagar, city, summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir union territory (Jammu is the winter capital), northern India, situated in the Kashmir region of the Indian subcontinent. Jammu & Kashmir is home to 1% of the country's total population. Streams and settlements in the mountains of Jammu and Kashmir state, northern India. Snowfall often is accompanied by rain and sleet. From 7,000 to 10,500 feet (3,200 metres), coniferous forests with fir, pine, and spruce are found. River valleys are deeply incised and terraced, and faulting has produced a number of alluvium-filled basins, such as those surrounding Udhampur and Punch. In its upper reaches the river is flanked by gravel terraces; each tributary builds an alluvial fan out into the main valley. The Jammu region. The Vale of Kashmir is a deep asymmetrical basin lying between the Pir Panjal Range and the western end of the Great Himalayas at an average elevation of 5,300 feet (1,620 metres). A strong earthquake centred in neighbouring Pakistani-administered Kashmir killed hundreds in Jammu and Kashmir state in 2005. Consisting of an ancient rock core of granites, gneisses, quartz rocks, and slates, it has been subject to considerable uplift and fracturing and was heavily glaciated during the Pleistocene Epoch. The territory is part of the larger region of Kashmir, which has been the subject of dispute between India, Pakistan, and China since the partition of the subcontinent in 1947. Spituk Gustor Zanskar. Religion of Jammu & Kashmir … Lotus said that Srinagar, the summer capital of J&K, recorded a minimum temperature of -8.4 deg C on 14th January which broke the previous record of -8.3 deg C registered 25 years ago in 1995. Among the wild mammals found in the state are the Siberian ibex, the Ladakh urial (a species of wild sheep with a reddish coat), the rare hangul (or Kashmir stag) found in Dachigam National Park, the endangered markhor (a large goat) inhabiting mainly protected areas of the Pir Panjal Range, and black and brown bears. Srinagar city -- the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir -- recorded a low of minus 5.9 degrees Celsius, which was over three degrees below … Pop. The city lies along the banks of the Jhelum River at an elevation of 5,200 feet (1,600 metres) in the Vale of Kashmir. Jammu is the winter capital of Jammu and Kashmir, whereas Srinagar is the summer capital. The narrow zone of plains landscape in the Jammu region is characterized by interlocking sandy alluvial fans that have been deposited by streams discharging from the foothills and by a much-dissected pediment (eroded bedrock surface) covered by loams and loess (wind-deposited silt) of Pleistocene age (about 11,700 to 2,600,000 years old). The vast majority of the state’s territory is mountainous, and the physiography is divided into seven zones that are closely associated with the structural components of the western Himalayas. Not far from Srinagar is the town of Gulmarg, the “Meadow of Flowers,” at an elevation of about 8,500 feet (2,600 metres). Kebab funded media spread leis saying entire Kashmir wants independence, but in reality a handful … Jammu population is 550 thousand and is situated on the banks of the Tawi River. You are sure to fall in love with this natural haven! The University of Kashmir (1948) is in the city, as is the Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology Kashmir (1982). The change went into effect on October 31 of that year, though several court cases affecting its status remained pending. The range, which is still heavily glaciated, rises starkly from dry desolate plateaus that are characterized by extremes of temperature and shattered rock debris. There are many species of game birds, including vast numbers of migratory ducks. Jhelum River at Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India. Location: Jammu & Kashmir STD Code : (91) – 194 GMT : +5:30 Languages: Kashmiri, Dogri, Urdu, and Ladakhi Best time to Visit: April to June and September About Srinagar. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Jammu and Kashmir, union territory of India (until October 31, 2019, a state), located in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent in the vicinity of the Karakoram and westernmost Himalayan mountain ranges. The city lies along the banks of the Jhelum River at an elevation of 5,200 feet (1,600 metres) in the Vale of Kashmir. It lies in the southwestern part of Jammu and Kashmir along the Tawi River, south of Srinagar (the summer capital), and to the north is the Siwalik Range. Ladakh Range (background), Jammu and Kashmir state, India. Andaman and Nicobar Islands. From southwest to northeast those zones consist of the plains, the foothills, the Pir Panjal Range, the Vale of Kashmir, the Great Himalayas zone, the upper Indus River valley, and the Karakoram Range. Jammu and Kashmir, formerly one of the largest princely states of India, is bounded to the northeast by the Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang (China), to the east by the Tibet Autonomous Region (China) and the Chinese-administered portions of Kashmir, to the south by the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab, to the southwest by Pakistan, and to the northwest by the Pakistani-administered portion of Kashmir. (2001) 898,440; (2011) 1,180,570. summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir, India. AND THE TRUE KASHMIR REMOVE FAKE KASHMIR. The entire region is prone to violent seismic activity, and light to moderate tremors are common. The winter months of October to March are the best time to visit the Jammu region whereas the summer months from April to October are ideal to visit the Kashmir region. Srinagar’s industries include carpet and silk mills, silverware and copperware manufacture, leatherworking, and wood carving. Lying on the banks of the river Tawi, the city of Jammu, with an area of 240 km 2 (93 sq mi), is surrounded by the Himalayas in the north and the northern-plains in the south. Jammu and Kashmir capital Srinagar experienced the coldest night of this winter season with the temperature at minus 3.2 degrees Celsius on … The Jhelum River at Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India. Self-made in Inkscape. The climate varies from alpine in the northeast to subtropical in the southwest. The officials said Srinagar, the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir, recorded a low of minus 3.7 degrees Celsius, slightly up from the previous night's minus 4.3 degrees Celsius. The territory is part of the larger region of Kashmir, which has been the subject of dispute between India, Pakistan, and China since the partition of the subcontinent in 1947. The officials said the minimum temperature in Srinagar — the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir — was 0 degree Celsius on Monday night. Dal Lake, with its “floating gardens,” is a well-known attraction, as are the nearby Shalimar and Nishat gardens. The region of Jammu and Kashmir is separated by the Line of Control from the Pakistani-administered territories of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan in the west and north, respectively. The information that follows describes the former state of Jammu and Kashmir, including the Ladakh region. Along its course through the city, the Jhelum River is spanned by several wooden bridges, and numerous adjacent canals and waterways abound with shikara, the gondolas of Kashmir. Regular flights connect Srinagar with Delhi and Amritsar. Srinagar city — the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir — recorded a low of minus 0.2 degrees Celsius up from minus 2.6 degrees Celsius the … It lies in the Kashmir Valley on the banks of the Jhelum River, a tributary of the Indus, and Dal and Anchar lakes. Life depends on meltwater from the surrounding mountains, and vegetation is alpine (i.e., consists of species above the tree line), growing on thin soils. Jammu and Kashmirball isan American DJ named KSHMRIndiaball's administrated part of Kashmir. The climate is characterized by annual precipitation of about 30 inches (750 mm), derived partially from the summer monsoon and partially from storms associated with winter low-pressure systems. An earthquake of magnitude 5.1 on the Richter scale occurred on Monday at 19.32 hours in Jammu & Kashmir, according to the National Center for Seismology. Precipitation is low, amounting to about 15 to 20 inches (380 to 500 mm) per year, and it occurs mainly in the form of heavy but infrequent rain showers during the summer monsoon (June to September). The Kashmir Valley reeled under severe cold, with Srinagar city — the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir — recording its lowest minimum temperature in … Geologically complex and topographically immense, the Great Himalayas contain ranges with numerous peaks reaching elevations of 20,000 feet (6,100 metres) or higher, between which lie deeply entrenched remote valleys. Gulmarg No damages have been reported. Area 39,146 square miles (101,387 square km). It lies in the southwestern part of Jammu and Kashmir along the Tawi River, south of Srinagar (the summer capital), and to the north is the Siwalik Range.… The population of 12.5 mn is comparable to the population of Belgium. Omissions? The Pir Panjal Range constitutes the first (southernmost) mountain rampart associated with the Himalayas in the state and is the westernmost of the Lesser Himalayas. Jammu: The Jammu and Kashmir Service Selection Board today convened 178th Board meeting under the chairmanship of its Chairman, Khalid Jahangir to consider various matters pertaining to withheld recommendation, court cases, cancellation of selections and release of … Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Updates? Nishat gardens, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India. Jammu and Kashmir, a union territory of India (until October 31, 2019, a state), situated in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent has two capitals. Jammu and Kashmir is a region administered by India as a union territory and consists of the southern portion of the larger Kashmir region, which has been the subject of a dispute between India and Pakistan since 1947, and between India and China since 1962. The capital of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), Srinagar, is one of the most impressive places in India. The city is known for its … Over 70% of Jammu and Kashmir's population is in the working-age group of 15-59 years. It is drained principally by the Jhelum, Punch, and Chenab rivers. The great granite-gneiss massifs of the Karakoram Range—which straddles the Indian and Pakistani sectors of Kashmir—contain some of the world’s highest peaks. Located majorly in the Himalayan Range, Jammu and Kashmir is the northernmost state of India. The countryside has been almost entirely denuded of trees, and thorn scrub and coarse grass are the dominant forms of vegetation. The foothills of the Himalayas, rising from about 2,000 to 7,000 feet (600 to 2,100 metres), form outer and inner zones. Birch trees in the western Himalayas, Jammu and Kashmir state, northern India. Wrong depiction = Rs 100 crore fine and/or seven years imprisonment. You can take a boat ride (Shikara) on the serene Dal Lake, get a view of the city from the top of Shankaracharya Temple and book a stay in the iconic houseboats on your trip to J&K. By Oona Räisänen (Mysid) - Own work. Srinagar city -- the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir -- recorded a low of minus 0.9 degrees Celsius -- up from the previous night''s minus 1.5 degrees Celsius, they said. The Vale of Kashmir contains the area’s most fertile agricultural land and is one of the most densely populated parts of the Kashmir region. Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India: Raghunath temple complex (2011) 12,541,302. During Pleistocene times it was occupied at times by a body of water known as Lake Karewa; it is now filled by lacustrine (still water) sediments as well as alluvium deposited by the upper Jhelum River. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Jammu is the the winter capital of state of Jammu and Kashmir in India. The range receives heavy precipitation in the forms of winter snowfall and summer rain and has extensive areas of pasture above the tree line. Soil and water conditions vary across the valley. Spituk Gustor Zanskar is a traditional festivals of Jammu and Kashmir. The Union Territory has seen a decrease in terrorist incidents, infiltration and civilian killings in 2020, while security forces carried out more than 100 "successful" counter-terrorism operations killing 225 terrorists, they said. It has an average crest line of 12,500 feet (3,800 metres), with individual peaks rising to some 15,000 feet (4,600 metres). The region has been the centre of … JAMMU: More than 270 terrorists are currently active in Jammu and Kashmir, which is less than the 2019 and 2020 figures, official sources have said. It lies to the north of the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjaband to th… Jammu and Kashmir, union territory of India (until October 31, 2019, a state), located in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent in the vicinity of the Karakoram and westernmost Himalayan mountain ranges. Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India: Jhelum River Temperatures vary considerably by elevation; at Srinagar the average minimum temperature is in the upper 20s F (about −2 °C) in January, and the average maximum is in the upper 80s F (about 31 °C) in July. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Jammu And Kashmir. Those include K2 (also called Mount Godwin Austen) on the border of the Pakistani sector and one of the Chinese-administered enclaves, with an elevation of 28,251 feet (8,611 metres); at least 30 other peaks exceed 24,000 feet (7,300 metres). Pop. 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