Baltimore's highway growth has done much to influence the development of the city and its suburbs. The airport is named after Thurgood Marshall, a Baltimore native who was the first African American to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States. The Fort McHenry in Baltimore secured the Baltimore harbor amidst the War of 1812 and is the beginning of the American National Anthem composed by Francis Scott Key. In Baltimore, "arrest numbers have plummeted from more than 40,000 in 2014, the year before Gray's death and the subsequent charges against the officers, to about 18,000 [as of November 2017]. [115] Across Loch Raven Boulevard is the former site of the old Memorial Stadium home of the Baltimore Colts, Baltimore Orioles, and Baltimore Ravens, now replaced by a YMCA athletic and housing complex. [210], Baltimore has cultural museums in many areas of study. Other historic neighborhoods include: Fells Point, Patterson Park, Butchers Hill, Highlandtown, Greektown, Harbor East, Little Italy, and Upper Fell's Point. [91], Formstone facings, now a common feature on Baltimore rowhouses, were an addition patented in 1937 by Albert Knight. College lacrosse is a common sport in the spring, as the Johns Hopkins Blue Jays men's lacrosse team has won 44 national championships, the most of any program in history. These US cities could lose the most freezing days by 2050", "Why it's hot in the city: Heat wave in Baltimore made worse by hot air from Washington DC", "The Climate and Weather of Delaware, Maryland, and Washington, D.C.", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "Past Monthly Weather Data for Baltimore July 1999–2014", "Baltimore Weather – Accuweather Forecast for MD 21201", "WMO Climate Normals for BALTIMORE/BALTO-WASH, MD 1961–1990", "Baltimore, Maryland, USA – Monthly weather forecast and Climate data", "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990", "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. When the wind blows from the east, the cold air gets dammed against the mountains to the west and the result is freezing rain or sleet. The AAFC Colts played for three seasons in the AAFC (1947, 1948, and 1949), and when the AAFC folded following the 1949 season, moved to the NFL for a single year (1950) before going bankrupt. [273], In June 2017, The BaltimoreLink started operating; it is the redesign of the region's initial bus system. The MTA Police also share jurisdiction authority with the Baltimore City Police, governed by a memorandum of understanding. It is bordered by Anne Arundel County to the south. In 2019, Maryland's estimated population was 6,045,680, ranked 19th in the nation. [239] Rawlings-Blake had been serving as City Council President at the time. Every 10 years, the U.S. Census Bureau conducts the federal national census (U.S. Constitution, Article I, sec. In virtually all elections, the Democratic primary is the real contest. This Iroquoian-speaking people "controlled all of the upper tributaries of the Chesapeake" but "refrained from much contact with Powhatan in the Potomac region" and south into Virginia. Baltimore is also served by Martin State Airport, a general aviation facility, to the northeast in Baltimore County. Inner Harbor and skyline of Baltimore, Maryland, U.S. Baltimore Area Convention & Visitors Association; photo, Middleton Evans Baltimore is the home of non-profit chamber music organization Vivre Musicale. However, the building was erected by his son Isaac in 1822 after a design by William Howard and William Small. The United States Census Bureau uses counties as the basic unit for presentation of statistical information in the United States, and treats Baltimore as a county equivalent for those purposes. Baltimore acquired its moniker "The Monumental City" after an 1827 visit to Baltimore by President John Quincy Adams. [93], After an international competition, the University of Baltimore School of Law awarded the German firm Behnisch Architekten 1st prize for its design, which was selected for the school's new home. [95], Baltimore is officially divided into nine geographical regions: North, Northeast, East, Southeast, South, Southwest, West, Northwest, and Central, with each district patrolled by a respective Baltimore Police Department. [193] The 2012 closure of a major steel plant at Sparrows Point is expected to have a further impact on employment and the local economy. As depicted on a map of the Piscataway lands in Kenneth Bryson, William Harvey Hunter, "Baltimore Architecture in History"; in Dorsey & Dilts (1997), p. 7. Baltimore's Inner Harbor, known for its skyline waterscape and its tourist-friendly areas, was horribly polluted. The Port of Baltimore's cruise industry, which offers year-round trips on several lines supports over 500 jobs and brings in over $90 million to Maryland's economy annually. [32] The original county seat, known today as Old Baltimore, was located on Bush River within the present-day Aberdeen Proving Ground. Baltimore established its public market system in 1763. [17] Baltimore and its surrounding region are home to the headquarters of a number of major organizations and government agencies, including the NAACP, ABET, the National Federation of the Blind, Catholic Relief Services, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, and the Social Security Administration. As the former City Council President, she assumed the office of Mayor when former Mayor Martin O'Malley took office as Governor of Maryland. Baltimore's 344 homicides in 2015 represented the highest homicide rate in the city's recorded history—52.5 per 100,000 people, surpassing the record set in 1993—and the second-highest for U.S. cities behind St. Louis and ahead of Detroit. Both brands are still made today, albeit outside of Maryland, and served all around the Baltimore area at bars, as well as Orioles and Ravens games. [285], Along with cargo terminals, the port also has a passenger cruise terminal, which offers year-round trips on several lines, including Royal Caribbean's Grandeur of the Seas and Carnival's Pride. The Phoenix Shot Tower (1828), at 234.25 feet (71.40 m) tall, was the tallest building in the United States until the time of the Civil War, and is one of few remaining structures of its kind. As of 2015[update], The Trust for Public Land, a national land conservation organization, ranks Baltimore 40th among the 75 largest U.S. [174], Crime in Baltimore, generally concentrated in areas high in poverty, has been far above the national average for many years. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to, is an informative site only, Charleston South Carolina Population 2019. They are as per the following: We go through the population numbers of Baltimore from 2014-18 and from data you can see the numbers have gone up by 421 in the last 5 years. Among cities greater than 400,000, Baltimore ranked 2nd in its opiate drug death rate in the United States behind Dayton, Ohio. Following the 1995 season, and ultimate end to the Canadian Football League in the United States experiment, the team was sold and relocated to Montreal. [235], Catherine Pugh became the Democratic nominee for mayor in 2016 and won the mayoral election in 2016 with 57.1% of the vote; Pugh took office as mayor on December 6, 2016. The Battle of Baltimore was a pivotal engagement during the War of 1812, culminating in the bombardment of Fort McHenry, during which Francis Scott Key wrote a poem that would become "The Star-Spangled Banner", which was eventually designated as the American national anthem in 1931. [66], The Baltimore riot of 1968, coinciding with riots in other cities, followed the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. on April 4, 1968. Baltimore races, gender, age, and other demography info and rankings also included. [136] It is by no means uncommon for the rain-snow line to set up in the metro area. The median age was 35 years old, with 22.4% under 18 years old, 65.8% from 18 to 64 years old, and 11.8% 65 or older.[148]. [124] Local organizations, such as the Sandtown Habitat for Humanity and the Upton Planning Committee, have been steadily transforming parts of formerly blighted areas of West Baltimore into clean, safe communities. Panoramic view of the Baltimore Inner Harbor and Harbor Point waterfront development as seen from the Domino Sugar factory. [280], The port was founded in 1706, preceding the founding of Baltimore. It is a culturally, ethnically, and socioeconomically diverse waterfront area with neighborhoods such as Locust Point and Riverside around a large park of the same name. House of Cards and Veep are set in Washington, D.C. but filmed in Baltimore. Baltimore is the home of numerous places of higher learning, both public and private. [203] The Baltimore Visitor Center, which is operated by Visit Baltimore, is located on Light Street in the Inner Harbor. The population density of the city of Baltimore is about 2962 persons per square kilometer. Program Helps Ease Burden for Homebound", "Gay Pride events to return to University of Baltimore, June 17–18", "UAE royal family honoured at opening of new Johns Hopkins Hospital", "Photos: Johns Hopkins dedicates $1.1 billion patient towers", "Sagamore: A major opportunity that requires scrutiny equal in scale", "Baltimore city council approves $660 million for "Build Port Covington, "Goldman Sachs invests $233 million in Port Covington", "Waterfront Mansion Overlooking Inner Harbor Priced At $8.5M " CBS Baltimore", "University of Baltimore Law School Wins ENR National "Best of the Best" Award for Design and Construction", "Everyman Theatre Honored with 'Baltimore Heritage Historic Preservation Award, "Transamerica workers begin move to downtown skyscraper", "Questar tops off 414 Light St. tower on Baltimore Inner Harbor", "Families increasing in downtown Baltimore", "Locust Point – Celebrating 300 Years of a Historic Community", "Cherry Hill Master Plan (II. How is the population of Baltimore distributed by race? In the midst of the Long Depression which followed the Panic of 1873, the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad company attempted to lower its workers' wages, leading to strikes and riots in the city and beyond. During the 1950s and 1960s, the Colts were one of the NFLs more successful franchises, led by Pro Football Hall of Fame quarterback Johnny Unitas who set a then-record of 47 consecutive games with a touchdown pass. The total project comprises 184 acres (0.74 km2) in eastern Baltimore City, and the site will yield 2,800,000 square feet (260,000 m2) of warehouse/distribution and office space. City leaders such as Jonathan Plowman Jr. led many residents to resist British taxes, and merchants signed agreements refusing to trade with Britain. [164] Baltimore also has one of the largest Caribbean American populations of any city, with the largest groups being Jamaicans, at roughly 1% of the population, and Trinidadians, at roughly 0.5% of the population. Published May. In addition, Baltimore was a major manufacturing center. [148], Housing in Baltimore is relatively inexpensive for large, coastal cities of its size. [289] The Jones Falls river watershed drains 58 square miles (150 km2) of land outside of Baltimore and is a significant source of trash that enters the harbor. In 1995, the city opened the American Visionary Art Museum on Federal Hill. [245] Edward Reisinger, the 10th district representative, is the council's current vice president.[246]. Across races, 4.2% of the population are of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin (1.63% Salvadoran, 1.21% Mexican, 0.63% Puerto Rican, 0.6% Honduran). [107] It is not uncommon for locals to divide the city simply by East or West Baltimore, using Charles Street or I-83 as a dividing line or into North and South using Baltimore Street as a dividing line. Thus, in the northern and western suburbs, winter snowfall is more significant, and some areas average more than 30 in (76 cm) of snow per winter. CSV. [184] This total marked a 7.56 percent decline in homicides from 2015. On April 12, 2012, Johns Hopkins held a dedication ceremony to mark the completion of one of the United States' largest medical complexes – the Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore – which features the Sheikh Zayed Cardiovascular and Critical Care Tower and The Charlotte R. Bloomberg Children's Center. [68], Following the death of Freddie Gray in April 2015, the city experienced major protests and international media attention, as well as a clash between local youth and police which resulted in a state of emergency declaration and curfew. "Both begun in 1815, the Battle Monument and the Washington Monument gave Baltimore its most famous sobriquet. Twitter. Deputy Sheriffs are sworn law enforcement officials, with full arrest authority granted by the constitution of Maryland, the Maryland Police and Correctional Training Commission and the Sheriff of the City of Baltimore.[249]. [271][272] The Charm City Circulator operates a fleet of diesel and hybrid vehicles built by DesignLine, Orion, and Van Hool. Map. The tech sector is rapidly growing as the Baltimore metro ranks 8th in the CBRE Tech Talent Report among 50 U.S. metro areas for high growth rate and number of tech professionals. The city was developed by the Constitution of Maryland. The average seasonal snowfall is 20.1 inches (51 cm),[134] but it varies greatly depending on the winter, with some seasons seeing minimal snow while others see several major Nor'easters. 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