We use should have to talk about past mistakes. What is something you could have / should have / would have done in the past? My friends will have already been to the restaurant by the time I give it a try. Each of these modals has a slightly different meaning. I couldn’t have said it better myself. Could have means that something was possible in the past, but it did not happen. Have you ever been close to tragedy Or been close to folks who have? Login . I would have gone to the party, but I was tired. For example: She could not have been on that flight because I just saw her at work. Listen to this song by 1980s teen pop star Tiffany. (all connected, stress on I know. “Could” is conditional. Could have is a modal verb phrase. 3 years ago 40.6K Views. That’s all for this week. Hai Do was the editor. Finally, let’s look at should have. Definition of COULD HAVE (DONE SOMETHING) (phrase): saying that something was possible in past; saying that perhaps something was true The URL has been copied to your clipboard. He was jailed five years ago and could be released next year. aux.v. You use could to indicate that something is possibly true, or that it may possibly happen. Past modals tell what could have, would have, and should have happened. Usually, would have suggests a bad feeling about the past. The sentence means that there is evidence of that person having been in that place, at some point, although the person himself is not there now. "Have been", "has been" and "had been" are all different forms of the verb BE. Examples: I could have phoned, but I preferred to talk to you personally. It's Future perfect continuous tense. Change your default dictionary to American English. While Can’t Have (Been) is used to refer to an incident in the near past, Couldn’t Have (Been) is used for an event that happened way back in the past. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples The only thing that can give you comfort when you are in your most vulnerable state of questioning what could have been is realizing that every single person on this earth has or will experience what it is like to wish that someone who once was…still was. Further language point - "might have" with "not" "might have not" In addition to the most common form "might not have" (described above), it is also possible to use the form "might have not": "He might not have invited me to the party." (She was able to win the competition, but she didn't.) An improvement in living standards could be years away. Can I have your name please? could-have-been name meaning available! A popular compliment in English is, “I couldn’t have said it better myself.” You can say this when you like the way somebody said something. (Meaning: They didn't leave earlier, so they are not here now.) It is part of the conditional past tenses of most verbs. Would have is a bit more difficult because it has two common structures. They are designed to find answers that right now the Government feels it cannot give. Her infidelity gave him the opportunity to meet someone else. ​Now it's your turn. Define could. Here are some examples: She could have gone to any college she wanted to. You have been … You might remember Lieutenant Dan in the movie Forrest Gump. Doctors told him the disease could have been caused by years of working in smokey clubs. Here are some examples with explanations: I have been a designer since 1994. For example: If I had known they were vegetarians, I would have made a salad. informal (be experienced) tener mucha experiencia expr expresión : Expresiones idiomáticas, dichos, refranes y frases hechas de tres o más palabras ("Dios nos libre", "a lo hecho, pecho"). Listen for should have as Dan confronts Forrest. Native speakers often do not pronounce their past tense modals as clearly as Tiffany. “Have + been” marks the past tense. You are what he could ever want and more. _______________________________________________________________, modal verb – n. a verb (such as can, could, shall, should, ought to, will, or would) that is usually used with another verb to express ideas such as possibility, necessity, and permission, contender – n. a person who tries to win something in a game or competition, bum – n. a person who is lazy or who does something badly, compliment – n. a comment that says something good about someone or something, vegetarian – n. a person who does not eat meat, infidelity – n. the act or fact of having a romantic or sexual relationship with someone other than your husband, wife, or partner, confront – v. to oppose someone, especially in a direct and forceful way, cripple – n. a person who cannot move or walk normally because of a permanent injury or other physical problem, six-shooter – n. a kind of gun (called a revolver) that can hold six bullets (often used to describe guns used in the old American West), cattle drive – n. the process of moving cows from one place to another. It couldn’t have been prevented. You could have passed the test if you had studied for it. In the movie, Dan loses both of his legs in the Vietnam War. (See also modals of ability.) There are four reviews that have been commissioned that sit below the roadmap. Entries must have focused on a correspondence that could have been written by a soldier, peacekeeper, family member or some other person during wartime or in modern peacekeeping operations. What does could have been mean? But not always. Been definition: Been is the past participle of → be 1 . Usage of “Have Been & Has Been” ‘Has been’ and ‘have been’ suggest an action that started in the past, but continues in the present. This sentence is in the Present Perfect tense. I coulda’ had class. On other occasions, be is more clearly associated with present time and have been … But now I’m nothing but a cripple!”. The explosion could have been caused by a gas leak. You could have the warmest regard for the other person but still, your emotions couldn’t be described as amorous. Would have also forms the result clause of a past unreal conditional. Nothing just happens. 1: Could have + past participle means that something was possible in the past, or you had the ability to do something in the past, but that you didn't do it. I should have woken up earlier. See the sentences below, Should have means that something did not happen, but we wish it had happened. As you can see, these modals of lost opportunities offer a colorful way to talk about past choices. might-have-been definition: 1. something positive that could have been achieved, but was not: 2. something positive that could…. Use have for all pronouns; never use has or had to form a past modal. Login . We all have a destiny. Information and translations of could have been in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. I could have told you, but I didn’t think you would listen. Meaning: I started my design career at 1994, and it continued up until now. Used to indicate ability or permission in the past: I could … It could have been Dan, but I’m not sure. could synonyms, could pronunciation, could translation, English dictionary definition of could. It’s all part of a plan. You can always reverse conditional sentences. He would have died, but Forrest saved him. I would have made a salad if I had known they were vegetarians. There is sometimes little difference in meaning whether be or have been passive forms are used. “You listen to me. The singer is thinking about past possibilities with her lost love. As you may know, conditional grammar expresses an idea that is not real. It is a way to show strong agreement. She could have won the competition, but in the end she gave up. Today we will take a look at the modal verbs could have, would have and should have. He should have told the truth about what he saw. 1. Past unreal conditionals are very complex; you can learn more about them on a previous episode of Everyday Grammar. Information and translations of could have been in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. (= I was able to phone, but I didn't.) I would have loaned you the money, but I didn’t have any. acc.gc.ca. In this song, country singer Toby Keith imagines how exciting his life would be if he had chosen to be a cowboy. To form the negative with these modals, use not between could and have. Join Macmillan Dictionary on Twitter and Facebook for daily word facts, quizzes and language news. The simple past just tells what happened. Could have, would have, and should have are sometimes called “modals of lost opportunities.” They work like a grammatical time machine. Here are some examples (the main verb is bold): - If they had left earlier, they would have been here already. Hi, We use 'Will have been' to specify some future event that would be happening at a certain point of time in future. acc.gc.ca. In this song by the band Chicago, the singer is surprisingly happy that his ex-girlfriend cheated on him. How to use could … Now, you can also use the verb "be" as a main verb after "would have." Defense lawyers often use could not have to argue for a client’s innocence. Learn more. However, we believe if certain conditions were met, then things could have been different. This is the British English definition of could have (done something).View American English definition of could have (done something). ... meaning … Use this structure to show that you wanted to do something in the past, but you could not. Adam Brock wrote this article for VOA Learning English. Join us next week for more Everyday Grammar. could-have-been name numerology is 9 and here you can learn how to pronounce could-have-been, could-have-been origin and similar names to could-have-been … If would have comes first, there is no comma. It didn’t happen. Let's say 1. The future perfect forms of will have been to and will have gone to both indicate that a person will have visited a location before a point in time in the future. To form these past modals, use could, would, or should followed by have, followed by a past participle verb. The first is with but. Past tense of can1 1. It usually describes something that was possible, but didn’t happen anyway. - If John had won the contest, he would have been happier. Should have is common in apologies. From VOA Learning English, this is Everyday Grammar. A worried mother might say: “I was so worried about you. I could have been somebody—instead of a bum.”. Meaning of could have been. Could have "Could have" can be used with several meanings. We’ll look at each of them using examples from movies and popular songs. Could have means that something was possible in the past, but it did not happen. For example: “If I had worked harder, I could have been more successful.” Or I should have died out there with my men. We’ll start with could have. When we are talking about the present: If the subject of a sentence is I – You – We – They or a plural noun (cars, birds, children) we use ‘have been‘. Definition and synonyms of could have (done something) from the online English dictionary from Macmillan Education. They could have won the race, but they didn't try hard enough. What does could have been mean? ‘The first thing to go for was a decent wash in fresh water as we could only have salt water to wash in on board.’ ‘I was stunned by the sheer volume of sound that twenty five singers could make.’ ‘It tried as hard as it could to rally in the third, but the game had long been out of reach.’ "But he might have not sent out the invitations yet.". The decision could mean thousands of Uber drivers are entitled to minimum wage and holiday pay. The code has been copied to your clipboard. And that someone else turned out to be his true love. could definition: 1. past simple of "can", used to talk about what someone or something was able or allowed to do…. Learn more. Should have can be used in a light-hearted way. I coulda’ been a contender. I would have called, but there was no phone service. The definition of could've is something that potentially might have happened if it weren't for another alternative. Meaning of could have been. In this case, both forms are similar in meaning. She could have married Gerald if she’d wanted to. have been around v expr verbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." For example: I’m sorry that I’m late for work. I could have gone directly to college, but I decided to travel for a … I would have A, but I had to B. I could have gone directly to college, but I decided to travel for a year. These past tense modals are useful for expressing your present feelings about a past decision (or other action). When it comes to modal verbs — the verbs that express necessity or possibility — many learners find them rather confusing. In particular the version with could have been is more likely to mean that the possibility used to exist that the bridge would become the most famous in the world, suggesting that, for some reason, that possibility no longer exists. Leave us example sentence. 1) To describe something you were able to do, but didn't do. What is the meaning of the sentence: He must have been here? A lot of the fatalities probably could have been prevented but the actual catastrophe, this tsunami itself couldn’t have been prevented, you know, it’s one of those things that just happens that we have to accept that reality of life. Could have been usually gets contracted to could’ve been or even coulda’ been. I could have stayed up late, but I decided to go to bed early. You should have called!”. Could not have means that something was impossible in the past. Listen to Marlon Brando in the classic film “On the Waterfront.” Brando’s character, Terry Malloy, was once a promising young boxer. “You don’t understand. Could definition is - —used in auxiliary function in the past, in the past conditional, and as an alternative to can suggesting less force or certainty or as a polite form in the present. 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