His "Coffee Cantata," composed in 1732, is a lighthearted vocal argument between a father and his headstrong daughter. Cultivation of the cantata in the 20th century has been fostered by composers such as Britten who are interested in older forms of music. Loosely defined today, a cantata is a vocal work with multiple movements and instrumental accompaniment; it can be based on either a secular or sacred subject. Bach wrote secular music for entertainment. Toolet039. JS Bach: Secular Cantatas, BWV201, 205 & 21. Bach wrote sacred cantatas for funerals and weddings: he also wrote a few secular works for such occasions.  The oldest extant secular cantata is from his Weimar period where he composed the Hunting Cantata (BWV 208, first version) for the birthday of Christian, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels on 23 February 1713. In more than 200 church cantatas written by J.S. Trauer-Ode), or other public or private occasions (e.g. Georg Philipp Telemann, with his 12 cycles of cantatas for each Sunday and holiday, represents this trend. 11–12). The Jury. The cantata was introduced into France by one of Carissimi’s students, Marc-Antoine…, …subsequent development of the German cantata, which was frequently based on a chorale and, like the vocal-instrumental concerto, included vocal soloists, choir, and instruments.…. However, as with any musical form, the cantata has evolved through the years. adamhearn. Congratulation cantatas included in the volume: This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 09:58. Share. Harmonia Mundi: HMM931544.45. RECOMMENDED MUSIC: Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme, BWV 140 by J.S. Lutheran ministers, notably Erdmann Neumeister, encouraged the absorption of secular music into the church service. The word cantata is best known to many through the works of J.S. Bach's almost 200 extant cantatas are among his important vocal compositions. ... Music App : Final Exam Review (Pt 1 & Pt 2) 100 Terms. Out of what was originally a much larger number only a little more than twenty secular cantatas have … The BWV numbers assigned to the secular cantatas are random with regard to chronology and occasion. Cantatas are meant for worship, not the concert stage. How has music shaped your spiritual journey and your views on music and spirituality? This is a sortable list of the Bach cantatas, the cantatas of Johann Sebastian Bach. Amazon Music Unlimited Amazon Music HD Amazon Music Prime Amazon Music Free Buy Music Open Web Player Settings CDs & Vinyl › World Music ... 5.0 out of 5 stars Enjoy these secular cantatas, while the Almighty takes a coffee break! Giacomo Carissimi standardized the form as a short drama in verse consisting of two or more arias with their preceding recitatives. Akademie für Alte Musik Berlin, RIAS Kammerchor Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. In the Bach Compendium (BC), the secular cantatas are part of series G. That series also includes two cantatas known from very scant sources (Nos. The 1st work has a text by Johann Christian Gottsched. Luigi Rossi, Pietro Antonio Cesti, and especially Giacomo Carissimi were prominent 17th-century cantata composers. Bach. They provided German Protestant composers with cycles of texts for sacred cantatas based on the operatic aria form. The new cantata, Preise dein Glücke, gesegnetes Sachsen, BWV 215, is a substantial work, and it is not surprising that Bach, with only a few days to produce it, had recourse to earlier compositions: the only parts that were written completely from scratch were the recitatives, the soprano aria (seventh movement) and the final chorus.  Less than half of Bach's known secular cantatas survive with music. Other secular cantatas are listed in BWV Anh. The meaning of the term changed over time, from the simple single voice madrigal of the early seventeenth century, to the multi-voice “cantata da camera” and the “cantata da chiesa” of the later part of that century, from the more substantial dramatic forms of the eighteenth century to the usually sacred-texted ninete… In early 19th-century cantatas the chorus is the vehicle for music more lyric and songlike than in oratorio, not excluding the possibility of a brilliant climax in a fugue as in Ludwig van Beethoven's Der glorreiche Augenblick, Carl Maria von Weber's Jubel-Kantate, and Felix Mendelssohn's Die erste Walpurgisnacht. Barbara Strozzi. During his early Leipzig years (1723–25) he developed the so-called chorale cantata, which begins with an elaborate choral fantasy on the first stanza of a hymn and closes with a simple harmonization of the last stanza in which the congregation presumably joined. The precise nature of the two styles varied, both finally taking on characteristics of the recitative-aria combination of contemporary opera.  The text of these cantatas was occasionally in dialect (e.g. Baroque Exam 34 Terms. Other secular cantatas are in the range of the church cantatas (BWV 1–200), most of them … BWV 206 - Schleicht, spielende Wellen 00:00 1. 8 are examples of such cantatas, the oldest of which were composed on a libretto by Christian Friedrich Hunold. All music by genre > Cantatas (secular) Cantatas (secular) Download and listen to music in high resolution. His collegium musicum in Leipzig was the principal beneficiary of Bach’s secular music composition, including, in all likelihood, this Coffee Cantata. 49 and 52), insufficient to determine whether they were intended as sacred or secular. The French cantatas were usually to French texts, and in Germany, where the cantata lost its aristocratic connotations, they were in German.  Many of the secular cantatas were lost, but for some of these the text and the occasion are known, for instance when Picander later published their libretto (e.g. Cantata, (from Italian cantare, “to sing”), originally, a musical composition intended to be sung, as opposed to a sonata, a composition played instrumentally; now, loosely, any work for voices and instruments. Most of the secular cantatas are named after the first words of the libretto (incipit): The New Bach Edition groups the secular cantatas in the last seven volumes of Series I. NBA Volume 35 – Festmusiken für die Fürstenhäuser von Weimar, Weißenfels und Köthen:, NBA Volume 36 – Festmusiken für das Kurfürstlich-Sächsische Haus I:, NBA Volume 37 – Festmusiken für das Kurfürstlich-Sächsische Haus II:, NBA Volume 38 – Festmusiken zu Leipziger Universitätsfeiern:, NBA Volume 39 – Festmusiken für Leipziger Rats- und Schulfeiern / Huldigungsmusiken für Adelige und Bürger:, NBA Volume 40 – Hochzeitskantaten und Weltliche Kantaten verschiedener Bestimmung:, NBA Volume 41, Varia: Kantaten, Quodlibet, Einzelsätze, Bearbeitungen, contains, apart from various pieces of sacred vocal music and the incomplete Quodlibet, Bach's two Italian cantatas:, Complete recordings of the secular cantatas include those by Peter Schreier and Helmuth Rilling. A Free Song, by William Schuman. The word cantata first appeared in the Italian composer Alessandro Grandi’s Cantade et arie a voce sola (Cantatas and Arias for Solo Voice; published 1620–29). The early 18th century saw a similar trend in French music, notably in the works of Louis Clérambault, Jean-Baptiste Morin, and Jean-Philippe Rameau. 201 to 216a contains mostly extant secular cantatas. Both sacred and secular vocal works survive but have been very little known beyond libraries. Lass, Fürstin, lass noch einen Strahl : BWV 198 ; Der Friede sei mit dir : BWV 158 Catalog Record Only The 1st work is a secular cantata; the 2nd is sacred. Amore traditore). Many secular cantatas were composed for events in the nobility. The early cantatas after Grandi were written by Italian composers, most in secular style (cantata da camera, “chamber cantata”), but some in sacred manner (cantata da chiesa, “church cantata”) and all in the vernacular language, Italian. Much of the choral music familiar to contemporary audiences is on a grander scale. The early cantatas after Grandi were written by Italian composers, most in secular style (cantata da camera, “chamber cantata”), but some in sacred manner (cantata da chiesa, “church cantata”) and all in the vernacular language, Italian. A second generation of cantata writers standardized the form into a chain of recitatives and da capo arias (ABA, the A section usually varied on its repetition) for one or occasionally two voices. Anton Bruckner composed several Name-day cantatas, a Festive Cantataand two secula… BWV Anh. Alessandro Scarlatti was the major figure of the last main group of Italian cantata composers. Apart from his hundreds of church cantatas, Johann Sebastian Bach wrote secular cantatas in Weimar, Köthen and Leipzig, for instance for members of the Royal-Polish and Prince-electoral Saxonian family (e.g. Up to this point Bach's secular cantatas are generally in the Serenata format, lighthearted music with allegorical characters conversing about the excellence of the employer, and expressing their best wishes.. Music 101 Study Guide #2 - Baroque Period 40 Terms. This is also reflected in the transmission of the sources: only two of these Cantatas, BWV 173a (Durchlauchť ster Leopold) and BWV 134a (Die Zeit , die Tag und Jahre machi), have survived in sources including both the text and music, and of the six cantatas (BWV 66a, BWV 184a, BWV 194a, and BWV Anh. , Extant secular cantatas are published in the New Bach Edition (Neue Bach-Ausgabe, NBA), Series I, volumes 35 to 40, with the two Italian cantatas included in volume 41. Other secular cantatas are in the range of the church cantatas (BWV 1–200), most of them with an "a", "b" or "c" index added to the number of a church cantata while the cantatas share the same music. Chalmers Clifton (Chair) Quincy Porter. I, that is the appendix of the lost works. Mendelssohn even combined the cantata with the symphony in the so-called symphony-cantata Lobgesang (1840; Hymn of Praise), whereas the 20th-century English composer Benjamin Britten gave the title Spring Symphony (1949) to a work that is actually a cantata.  Some of the secular cantatas had a plot carried by mythological figures of Greek antiquity (e.g. , Arrangement for Celesta, Harp, Vibe and Marimba by Kevin MacLeod (original aria for soprano, two recorders and, Music for feasts at the courts of Weimar, Weißenfels and Köthen, Music celebrating the Saxonian prince-electoral family, Music for celebrations at the Leipzig University, For Leipzig's city council and school; Celebrations of noblemen and civilians, Extant versions, reconstructions and recordings, Bach's secular cantatas in BWV order, each followed by a link to the, Ernest Augustus I, Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, Johann Sebastian Bach (1685–1750): New Edition of the Complete Works – Series I: Cantatas. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. A secular wedding cantata, BWV 202, an Italian cantata (BWV 203), and the secular model for the Störmthal cantata BWV 194 probably originated around the same period. Peasant Cantata) or in Italian (e.g. BWV 208a Was mir behagt, ist nur die muntre Jagd! Occasions for Bach's secular cantatas written in Leipzig included Birthdays and name days for successive prince-electors of Saxony and other rulers, and their relatives, of principalities and duchies in Saxony, and similar occasions for academics of the university of Leipzig. The precise nature of the two styles varied, both finally taking on characteristics of the recitative-aria combination of contemporary opera. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/art/cantata-music. Born in Venice, Cristofaro Caresana (c.1640-1709) made his career in Naples as a singer, organist, choirmaster and composer. Share: Twitter Facebook Email. Hunting Cantata). Performed by the Boston Symphony Orchestra and published by G. Schirmer, Inc., New York. Emmanuel Music is a Boston-based ensemble of singers and instrumentalists founded in 1970 by Craig Smith to perform the complete sacred cantatas of J.S. In a sense it is a pity that they have been lumped under the (unhistoric) generic title of 'cantatas' because so many of them stand well apart from the church works. Most of the songs, arias and choral works Bach wrote were for church services. Generally, however, the chamber cantata as originally defined now appears as an occasional by-product of the inclination of many modern composers toward song cycles and the setting of poetry in general. Bach's earliest cantatas are church cantatas, although his early Wedding Quodlibet is sometimes grouped with the secular cantatas. Buy 2 CDs online. Corrections? only secular cantata made by Bach. No more notable example exists than that of the cantatas of J.S. Celebratory or secular cantatas work well in concert. Secular cantatas of love and tragedy by a Neapolitan precursor of Pergolesi, in world premiere recordings. As the team completed recording the church cantatas in 2013, this means that BCJ’s performances of all of Bach’s extant cantatas – sacred and secular – are now available on disc.  The Bach Digital website lists 50 secular cantatas by Bach. With the influx of Neumeister’s more secularized form, the church music was transformed by Italian operatic style. secular cantata composer known for unreqruited love cantata. Winners in Music. A cantata is a vocal composition with an instrumental accompaniment, typically in several movements, often involving a choir. noun. We do not consciously divide our world into sacred and secular, but this dichotomy is a result of centuries of religious thinking and teachings. Up to the late 17th century the cantata was predominantly a secular form, but the church cantata, which included choral movements ranging from simple chorale harmonizations to complex, extended structures, was a major feature of Lutheran music in early 18th-century Germany. The cantata, as developed in northern Germany in the 17th century, often relied only upon soloists and a small group of instruments, although the role of the chorus gradually became more important. The earliest surviving secular cantata is the ‘Hunt’ Cantata, composed in 1713 in Weimar for the birthday of Duke Christian of Sachsen-Weißenfels. Bach, the body of works that stands at the very heart of his output.  From 1723 until his death in 1750 Bach was employed as Thomaskantor in Leipzig: the bulk of his around 20 extant secular cantatas originated in this period. “Which shaped which?” There’s a means by which one can encounter faith and spirituality through music. Broadly speaking, there can be both good and bad things in the category of secular, while all things godly or are related with religion are considered to be good only. a choral composition, either sacred and resembling a short oratorio or secular, as a lyric drama set to music but not to be acted. Cantatas were in great demand for the services of the Lutheran church. The great Viennese composers wrote cantatas, usually for a particular event—e.g., Mozart’s Die Maurerfreude (Masonic Joy)—but the form gradually declined. In his Leipzig period part of Bach's secular cantata production is no longer in the Serenata format, but rather dramma per musica, implying a dramatic plot beyond mythological figures congratulating or paying homage to the person in whose honour the cantata was written. Even for these cantatas the music can sometimes be reconstructed, based on the church cantatas that were derived from them. It is sortable by the cantata number which equals the number in the Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis, by title, by occasion during the liturgical year, the year of composition and date of … Der Streit zwischen Phoebus und Pan), others were almost miniature buffo operas (e.g. Secular cantatas were also common in Bach’s day (e.g., his Coffee and Peasant cantatas) and afterward. Stanford Libraries' official online search tool for books, media, journals, databases, government documents and more. Collection of the best musical highlights from Johann Sebastian Bach' s secular cantatas. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Viadeo Send to a friend Favourites Gmail Hotmail Y! In its early form, cantatas referred to a music piece that is meant to be sung. and _Dramma per musica_ (the actual title of many of his secular cantatas) suggest that Bach had a better sense of theatre, and timing and dramatic characterisation than Beethoven. From about 1800 the style of the cantata became increasingly free, and the term was often applied to any fairly large work for solo voice or voices, chorus, and orchestra, from Beethoven’s Der glorreiche Augenblick (The Glorious Moment) onward. Such composers as Alessandro Stradella, Mario Savioni, Giovanni Legrenzi, and their students made the cantata a regular feature of aristocratic musical life in the courts of Rome and elsewhere in Europe. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login).
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